Did you know?
Until the early 1930s, cocaine was used in the U.S. as a painkiller and as a treatment for anxiety and narcolepsy.
When does it get used?
Cocaine is most commonly used in the countries that produce it, such as Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia, but a smaller amount is also available in the United States, the U.K., and Japan.
How much is it used?
According to the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse, a kilogram of cocaine sells for between $2,500 and $8,000 in the U.S. in retail stores and is used by about 25 million Americans in the form of powder cocaine.
Do you know the effects of cocaine on the brain?
Cocaine blocks the receptors that messages travel through in the brain. The addict must then constantly monitor the amount of the drug that he or she takes. When the drug wears off, the craving will begin again. The drugs’ addictive effects come from dopamine, a neurotransmitter.
Why does cocaine produce the most vivid, immediate effects?
The way cocaine works is by binding to one of a specific group of receptors in the brain, called DA receptors. People have a “high” when cocaine binds to the brain’s DA receptors, and this high lasts for about 30 minutes. The drug’s effects in the body are similar to a mixture of amphetamine and morphine.
What does it do to the body?
The short-term effects of cocaine include constricted pupils, tiredness, and an increased heart rate. The longer-term effects of cocaine include damage to blood vessels (thrombosis) and fatty tissue (lipodystrophy), kidney damage, and liver failure.
How does it get its name?
Cocaine is derived from the Aztec word cochinilla, which means “little frog.”
How does it get into your body?
Most cocaine comes from South America and Central America. Before 1990, U.S. companies were the main exporters, but they were subsequently replaced by other countries, including Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, and Brazil. Cocaine is sometimes used for its painkilling effects by farmers and plantation workers in South America, particularly in Colombia.
When can you be on it?
The typical amount of cocaine taken by an American is less than 2 grams per day, or 1/60 of an ounce. It usually takes about two weeks to feel the effects.
Can you live without it?
People can safely take cocaine without developing a dependence. The withdrawal symptoms are temporary, and most people are able to continue their lives without taking cocaine.
How can you get it?
According to the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse, most cocaine is brought into the U.S. from Latin America.
What is the lethal dose of cocaine?
The lethal dose of cocaine is a matter of dispute, but a report published by the National Institute on Drug Abuse stated that most cocaine overdoses result from an overdose of cocaine with a nonlethal dose of 15 milligrams.
How does it get you high?
Cocaine’s effects on the brain are similar to a mixture of amphetamine and morphine, making cocaine a mixture of both stimulant and sedative. Cocaine’s effects are so intense that users experience a “high” from the drug’s effects rather than any of its chemical substances.
Injection of cocaine produces the effect more quickly than smoking or snorting the drug. Cocaine is most often snorted or smoked because it burns much more rapidly than injected.
Where can you get cocaine?
Cocaine is the drug of choice in Europe, Latin America, and the U.S., where it is produced and exported. It is also used in Africa, Asia, and some other parts of the world. Cocaine is often carried as contraband by immigrants.
Is cocaine addictive?
In studies with both healthy people and cocaine addicts, a 2005 study found that less than 1 percent of people develop a cocaine dependence. A 2009 study reported that less than 1 percent of people with normal blood pressure develop a cocaine dependence.
How is cocaine taken?
Cocaine is usually smoked, snorted, or injected in different ways. Smoked cocaine is usually called “blunt” because it’s wrapped in tobacco or in thin foil. The drug is snorted with a straw or through the nose. Smoked cocaine can also be crushed into a powder, but the crushing has the effect of diluting the drug so that more of it is needed to achieve the same effect.
Popped cocaine is taken in a similar way, but the drug is usually dissolved in water or other fluid.
How do you quit cocaine?
You cannot quit cocaine without help from a therapist, psychiatrist, or other professional who is trained in addiction treatment.
The first step to stopping cocaine use is recognizing that you have a problem and seeking help. The first step is also to recognize that you may need more help than you realize. The treatment approach to cocaine addiction varies among health professionals. Some seek to reduce your cravings, while others attempt to retrain your brain. The following approaches may be useful:
Medications for depression, anxiety, and other issues may help you control cravings and eliminate the desire for cocaine. This may be accomplished by adjusting the dose or the frequency of use.
Psychotherapy can help you learn how to deal with cocaine cravings.
Substance abuse treatment centers offer a variety of individual counseling programs to address the factors underlying cocaine addiction.
Counseling and therapy can also help you regain control of your life. Finding a therapist that you feel comfortable with and who you can relate to can help you feel more in control of your life.
Why is cocaine so addictive?
Several factors contribute to the development of cocaine dependence, including:
- The powerful and pleasurable psychological and physical effects of the drug.
- The ease of acquiring and carrying cocaine.
- The opportunity for continual use of the drug.
- An intense thrill that some find in using the drug.
- Research into the development of cocaine dependence has identified a number of risk factors associated with the development of the disorder.
Are there any dangers associated with cocaine use?
The following are some of the less obvious risks associated with cocaine use:
- Sudden changes in blood pressure
- Intense cravings for cocaine
- Intense irritability
- Extreme fatigue
- Muscle pain
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
In severe cases, some people have seizures, heart attacks, and other physical problems associated with increased stress on the heart.
Healthy people who use cocaine are often reluctant to give up their habit. The physical, psychological, and social effects of drug abuse can often be devastating to a person. As a result, many people with cocaine addiction are unwilling to quit, and seek the advice of a health professional to help them stop using the drug. The following list of healthy suggestions may be helpful in helping you reduce your cravings, decrease your tolerance, and avoid the side effects of the drug:
Drink plenty of fluids . Drink plenty of fluids, but avoid alcohol or other stimulants that may cause your blood pressure to rise. Excess sodium is a problem that leads to water retention in the body.
. Drink plenty of fluids, but avoid alcohol or other stimulants that may cause your blood pressure to rise. Excess sodium is a problem that leads to water retention in the body. Exercise regularly . It is a proven fact that regular exercise can help you control your body temperature. Do not rely on exercise to improve your appetite. Exercising can also increase your appetite and thus worsen your cravings.
. It is a proven fact that regular exercise can help you control your body temperature. Do not rely on exercise to improve your appetite. Exercising can also increase your appetite and thus worsen your cravings. Maintain a normal body temperature. The majority of recreational cocaine users also experience symptoms of an under-active thyroid gland, which can lead to weight gain, fatigue, loss of libido, hair loss, muscle pain, and mood swings. A diagnosis of hypothyroidism can help you take control of your health by discovering ways to improve your metabolism, which can help you control your weight.
The majority of recreational cocaine users also experience symptoms of an under-active thyroid gland, which can lead to weight gain, fatigue, loss of libido, hair loss, muscle pain, and mood swings. A diagnosis of hypothyroidism can help you take control of your health by discovering ways to improve your metabolism, which can help you control your weight. Avoid alcohol and other stimulants . Although alcohol is a drug that is used recreationally, it is addictive. Some recreational cocaine users often find it difficult to abstain from alcohol because of its stimulating effects.